Ray, considered the only American Dadaist, learned to use the airbrush while working in an ad agency in New York City between 1917 and 1919. His fine art airbrush renderings were shown in NYC galleries and called cinematographs. Looking at them with today’s standards of what we consider airbrush painting, these works of art would be considered simplistic at that time, totally new. They consisted of images developed by airbrushing around found objects, such as paper cutouts, tools and paper clips that were used simply as stencils. Man Ray worked flat on a table, allowing gravity to hold the stencils in place, and sprayed around them with black ink. He repeated these images in both opaque and transparent ink.